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  • 趣谈天水堂十月初十祭祀日

    上一篇 / 下一篇  2015-11-11 09:21:29

    趣谈天水堂十月初十祭祀日

    中国古代对于节日的选定是非常讲究的。不要说节日,就是结婚、送葬、出门等日子的选定都是非常讲究的日子。春节选在一年的第一天,是一心一意纪念第一神春神的日子。春神是谁?春神就是青帝、泰帝、上帝、天帝、春帝、东帝、东神、木神,其实指的也就是伏羲。二月二是龙抬头的日子,有人说是纪念赵匡胤的,也有人说是纪念社稷也就是土地神即农神的,不管纪念谁都是“动农”的好日子。三月三是纪念圣母的,圣母包括女娲娘娘、王母娘娘、九天圣母、三霄圣母等。“三一三圣母”大概是我从经声听来的一句话。一般庙宇中的三圣母,要么是天爷的三个女儿,即大圣母、二圣母和三圣母,要么是赵公明的三个妹妹即云霄、碧霄、琼霄。神话中讲转生关系,三霄圣母也是三圣母的转生。“三一三圣母”是意思是说有九个圣母,除了三圣母外,还有六个圣母,其中包括天爷的两个干女儿。在九大圣母中,最有名的便是沉香“劈山救母”的三圣母,和大家最为熟悉的七圣母、七仙女即织女。五月五现在一致认为纪念屈原的,我却认为纪念《白蛇传》中的白娘子更恰当一些,五月五是喝熏黄酒的日子,也是蛇出洞的日子。六月六给死人的坟上泼绿豆汤,估计是敬火神,让地下的灵魂不致于像人间的六月一样处在水深火热当中。七月七是现在有人称是中国的情人节、恋人节,也许并不恰当。在我看来,七月七应中“良缘绝配”节。为何这样说呢?古人说:“无冤不成夫妻,无仇不成父子。”其中“无冤仇不成夫妻”是特指要做一生一世的恩爱夫妻那只能是“天仙配”,在人世间简直不可能存在的。即使到了自由恋爱的今天,要找一对志同道合、举案齐眉的神仙也是很难很难的事。一世修得同船渡,百世修得共枕眠,亿万世修得神仙夫妻,因此,“良缘绝配”偶尔出现乱点鸳鸯谱的人世间实在是奇上加奇的事情,这样的“天上人间”少有的“两情若是长久时”的“天仙配”时间不选在七月七又先在那一天呢?今天我们用阳历算日子,牛郎、织女鹊桥相传的时间已经是第二天的时间了,不是古人说的“七月七”了。估计这一天也是梁山伯与祝英台生离死别后化蝶比翼双飞的日子。

    九月九的重阳节,在我看来是纪念太阳神的日子;八月十五的团圆节,在我看来是纪念月亮女神的日子;十月初一寒衣节是纪念孟姜女的日子。古代的每个节日都有来历的,不是像现在的人定教师节那样一点来历和学问都没有的。

    有人说毛泽东年轻的时候游历天下,碰上一个得道的算命先生,他当毛泽东报一个时日和数字,说报的时日是99日,数字是43。这99 日是秋收起义的日子、毛主席进北京城的日子、毛主席逝世的日子,43是自遵义会议到逝世的总年数。这显然是后人牵强附会的瞎扯。在迷信中,九月九一定指的重阳节,不是我阳历的99。对于古人选定的节日,我们绝不能用今天人的想当然去猜想的。

    9·9不是是大的表示月日的数字,十月初十即·十才是最大的。古人说:“天地难周全。”孙悟空也说:“天地本不全,经文何须全?”俗话却说:“好日子都让天爷占了。”都说明再聪明再厉害的人都不可能真正把神仙定准的黄道吉日算定的。把天时、地利、人和都占全的好日子便是“十月初十”,其十全十美的美满和完满是有如下的内容和精神补充的:和和美美、实实在在、实实诚诚、累累果实、春花秋实、秋实冬藏。民以食为天,食比天大。在喜庆的时候,在划拳猜令的时候,最得意的口号便“满堂喜和十满堂”。十满堂也可以写成“食满堂”的。十还有“时运交好”、“乐善好施”等意思在里边的。在四盘、六碟子、八大碗、十全席的时代,“十全席”是天水最丰厚的宴席。一个十全席就了不得了,如果再来个十全席,成为十全十美的“双全”席,那就是神仙也就是列祖列宗才能享用得上的。毫无疑问,十月十日是隆重祭祀的日子。

    赵姓先人为什么把祭祀祖宗的日子选在了十月初十,除了十月初十是“十全十美”的日子外,还有赵姓先祖和秦始皇的先祖是同一个先祖,在西周末、春秋初出现的秦国比战国时候出现的赵国要早得多。我上师专的时候听其他老师讲,说我的老师雒江生教授光一个“秦”字的解释就写了几千字的文章。这篇文章我没有读过。因此,对于“秦”字,我只知道它的意思跟庆祝丰收有人,说是秦人双手举都稻谷麦穗庆祝丰收。那么,什么时候是庆祝丰收的最佳日子呢?当然是十月初十。十月初十是老祖宗选定的祭祀时间,藏着无限的美好寓意在其中的。为了我们每个人能够交上好运,哪怕这一天下雨、下雪、下油,我们都不远十里、百里、千里、万里的照祭不误的。在古代,庆祝丰收最重要的日子。即使在今天,庆祝丰收也是最重要的日子。在祭祀的时候,把我们已经丰收并祈求继续丰收的心意献给列祖列宗,就是我们献上的最大诚意和敬意了。

    二〇一五年十一月十一日

     

     


    TAG: 天水

    陈治平 引用 删除 心怀本然   /   2015-11-11 19:16:07
    5
    引用 删除 88   /   2015-11-11 17:19:11
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    引用 删除 88   /   2015-11-11 17:16:55
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    引用 删除 88   /   2015-11-11 17:16:21
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    虎子 引用 删除 曹彦虎   /   2015-11-11 16:43:53
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